In
Introduction

Isfahan is the third largest and most populous city in Iran and the capital of Isfahan province. This city has become the tourism and economic hub of Iran due to the existence of numerous historical and ancient monuments, many tourist attractions, steel factories and various handicrafts.

Among the cities of Iran, we have gone to the most popular tourist city of Iran. Isfahan is known in Iranian culture as “half the world” because of its historic buildings built with special and unique architecture. Isfahan is a tourist and ancient city and has been registered as Historical heritage in UNESCO Site due to its historical monuments. Isfahan is a historical and artistic city that offers spectacular images to the people in the center of the Iran plateau. Love for art is rippling through its streets. From the noise of the coppersmiths’ bazaar, who speak their hearts to a lifeless body, step by step, its bridges show Iranian taste. A city that owes its life to the turmoil of the Zayandeh rood River.Even when water does not pass through the center of the city, love flows in it. You do not get tired of watching the fragment of this half of the world that is in our land.

 The cultural capital of the Islamic world, with its various historical attractions, welcomes many domestic and foreign guests during the year, especially on Nowruz. There are various hotels in this city that meet the needs of each group.

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History of Isfahan

Isfahan has been known by the following names since ancient times: Safahan, Safavids, Partak, Park, Pari, Paritaken, Partikan, Ji, Reshvarji, Sepahan, Sepaneh, Shahrestan, Safahan, Safahan, Gaba, Gabian, Gabie, Gabi, Gay and half the world. After the conquest by the Muslim Arabs and because there was no letter “P” in Arabic, it was pronounced as “Isfahan” with the accent and the letter “P”.

Isfahan is one of those cities that has gone through many ups and downs until today. Many experts agree that Tahmurth, the third king of the Pishdad dynasty, founded the city. At the time of Alexander, the Great’s invasion of Iran, this city was the center of the Gabion tribes and during the Achaemenid period, due to the location of the intersection of major roads and the royal residence, it is considered as one of the most important cities to the extent that the Greek geographer Strabo, this city is named as the center of Iran.Historians such as Ibn Faqih Hamedani, Musa Khorni, Al-Istakhri, Ibn Huql, Al-Maqdisi, Yaqut Hamwi, Abu al-Fada, and Ibn Khaldun mention this event in their writings on the settlement of Jews in Isfahan and agree that with the conquest of Babylon by Cyrus the Great and the liberation of the Jews from the captivity of Nebuchadnezzar Shah of Babylon Some of them settled in Iran and in an area called Darolihudia. This area was located next to Jay and later, with the connection of Jay and Daralihudia to each other, the city of Isfahan emerged.

During the Parthian period, Isfahan was considered as the center and capital of one of the vast states of Parthian kings. Yazd, the first Sassanid king, established a military barracks in Isfahan to train and send auxiliary forces.Fixed troops were also trained at three military bases in Merv, Gorgan and Ctesiphon. For this reason, it can be said that the name Espan (meaning the position of the army) has been given to Isfahan since the Sassanid era.

Sources that speak of the history of Iran at the time of the advent of Islam mention a city called Ji in the current location of the sector of Ji and Judea, three kilometres west of Ji.

The geographical area of the city is also known as Espahan or Espaahan. The city of Isfahan was conquered by the Arabs in 23 Hijri and, like other cities in Iran, was under their rule until the beginning of the fourth century Hijri. During the time of Caliph Mansour Abbasi, a lot of work was done to develop it. He ordered the construction of a large palace in the village of Kheshinan in present-day Ahmedabad, then a fort was built around the city of Isfahan, and at the same time Kheshinan was connected to the Jubara (Judea).

history-of-isfahan

 Isfahan Economy

Isfahan has long been considered a strategic axis for transportation and exchange of goods due to its location on the Silk Road, and today it inherits the trade of industry and trade of the past, and many goods from this province are exported to other parts of Iran and the world. Accordingly, Isfahan has long been considered as the industrial hub of the country and one of the defining and influential economic points.

The traditional economy of the province is based on handicrafts such as carpet weaving, silk weaving, engraving, inlay work, gold weaving, inlay work, tapestry embroidery, miniature, pottery, enameling, metalwork, turquoise, silver making, tile making, engraving and sequins It is the beautiful industry of Isfahan, which today has a good boom in the tourism sector.

The city of Isfahan in the Pahlavi period due to its special historical and geographical conditions was in the spotlight, and actions were taken in direction of reconstruct historical sites and its industrial development. In September 1941, during the occupation of Iran by Allied forces (British and Soviet forces), local wars intensified in Isfahan and caused divisions among the people.

Finally, during the Islamic Revolution of Iran on August 5, 1978, most parts of the city were occupied by the people and the Shah declared martial law to oppose them. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, some settlements were built in this city and it became as it is today. Abundance of water and less pollution in the southwest of Isfahan has led to the development of this area in recent centuries.

Sources that speak of the history of Iran at the time of the advent of Islam mention a city called Ji in the current location of the sector of Ji and Judea, three kilometres west of Ji.

The geographical area of the city is also known as Espahan or Espaahan. The city of Isfahan was conquered by the Arabs in 23 Hijri and, like other cities in Iran, was under their rule until the beginning of the fourth century Hijri. During the time of Caliph Mansour Abbasi, a lot of work was done to develop it. He ordered the construction of a large palace in the village of Kheshinan in present-day Ahmedabad, then a fort was built around the city of Isfahan, and at the same time Kheshinan was connected to the Jubara (Judea).

In addition, the city of Isfahan is considered a tourist hub of Iran due to its many attractions. Also, part of the city’s economy is affected by the common agriculture and animal husbandry around it.

People of Isfahan

The people of Isfahan speak the Isfahani dialect and the Persian language, but there are differences in words, sounds and sentences compared to the Persian language. Most people follow Islam and Shiism, but Jews, Armenians, Christians and other religious minorities also live in Isfahan.

isfahan-people

Traditional and famous food of Isfahan

Isfahan, along with many tourist attractions, has many traditional and delicious foods, which we will introduce some examples of these foods in the following:

Beryoon

Beryoon is one of the most famous and unique foods of Isfahan. This traditional food of Isfahan is cooked from a combination of white liver and meat of lamb and various spices. Beryooni looks like a hamburger.

 yogurt stew

This traditional food of Isfahan is cooked according to the living conditions of each region of Isfahan. It is prepared from a combination of mutton neck, yogurt, rose, saffron,sliced pistachio and, barberry and various spices. This food is something like mild.

Shola Ghalamkar Pottage

This food is the traditional pottage of Isfahan. It is prepared from a combination of meat, chickpeas, mung bean, onion, rice, leek and spices and is very suitable for the cold season of the year.

Dough O Gooshfil

One of the most famous foods in Isfahan is Dough O Gooshfil, which are made like Zoolbiaa and Bamia (two types of traditional sweets of Iran) and Gooshfil is in the shape of elephant ears and its name has the same meaning in Persian.

Isfahan famous souvenirs

The city has diverse and delicious souvenirs; these famous souvenirs include the following:

• Isfahan Gaz in different types of bites, coins, finger screws and…
• Poolaki with various flavors
• honey Sohan
• Korki sweets
• rice cookie
• Bereshtook

Isfahan handicrafts

This city is the cradle of fine arts such as wiring, goldsmithing, weaving, glabton embroidery, sequins, button embroidery and chain weaving which are of its local handicrafts. The art of embroidering boots and crocheting are still popular today. Isfahan is also famous in the industries of inlay work, tile work, engraving, miniature, enamel work, silver and gold jewelry. The city of Isfahan has various handicrafts that are rooted in original Iranian art.

 Goldsmithing

One of the famous arts in Isfahan is the goldsmithing industry, which is one of the attractive industries of Isfahan and many people in Isfahan are working in the goldsmith profession.

Pottery and ceramics

One of the most important centers of pottery not only in Isfahan but also in Iran is the city of ShahReza in Isfahan province, which decorates pottery and ceramics with various patterns and motifs. Pottery and ceramics are important industries in Isfahan province.

 Inlay

Original Iranian art is tied in inlay in Isfahan province. In this art, different surfaces are covered with different materials in the form of small triangles.

Binding

Binding work for old books is done by Isfahanis skillfully and they are skilled in this work.

Carpet weaving, calligraphy, painting, silver work, mosaic work, engraving, enameling, tapestry embroidery, coppersmithing, felt weaving, quilt weaving and… are some of the other famous handicrafts of Isfahan.

Map
Weather
Dec 1, 2020 - Tue
Isfahan IR
Wind 3 m/s, E
Pressure 765.82 mmHg
14°C
clear sky
Humidity 62%
Clouds 5%
DayCond.Temp.WindHumidityPressurePres.
tue dec 1
14°C /10°C0 m/s, NE50%765.07 mmHg
wed dec 2
14°C /8°C1 m/s, WSW46%767.32 mmHg
thu dec 3
15°C /9°C1 m/s, NNE64%765.82 mmHg
fri dec 4
13°C /8°C3 m/s, SSE69%767.32 mmHg
sat dec 5
13°C /8°C1 m/s, ESE62%764.32 mmHg
Attractions

Naqsh-e Jahan Square

Naghsh-E- Jahan Square, now known as Imam Square, is the central square of Isfahan. What distinguishes this square from its counterparts is its rectangular shape, which differs from the circular…

Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque

Sheikh Lotfollah Isfahan Mosque is a famous historical mosque in this city, dating back to the 11th century during the Safavid era. The mosque is also listed on the UNESCO…

Aali Qapo Palace

Aali Qapo Palace or Aali Qapo Palace, which was also called Naghsh Jahan holy Government House and Palace Government House in the Safavid era, is located on the west side…

Si-O-Se-Pol Bridge

One of the most famous bridges in Isfahan, whose name and reputation have spread to other countries, is Si-O-Se-Pol bridge. This bridge, as the longest bridge on the Zayandehrood River…

Sofeh Mountain

Sofeh is the name of a mountain in the Zagros Mountains with a height of 2257 meters in the south of Isfahan. Numerous springs, caves and beauties can be found…

Khaju Bridge

Khaju Bridge is one of several bridges on the Zayandeh Rood River, which is known as the most beautiful bridge in Isfahan. This bridge is located in the east of…

Dream land Amusement Park

Dream land amusement park in Isfahan was built as the largest amusement park in the Middle East in an area of 170,000 square meters. The construction project of this complex…

Shaking Tower

Shaking Tower (also known as Monar Jonban) is a historical tomb that was under the rule of the Mongolian people, about 6 kilometers west of Isfahan. It includes the tombstone…

Isfahan Jame mosque (Masjed-e Jame)

passing through the Imam Square to the northern end of the square. It is the oldest mosque in the city and in some ways the most distinctive building in the…

Grand Bazaar of Isfahan

Bazaar in Persian language Bazaar is a market in the Persian language, meaning the market. Bazaar in Isfahan is a real maze of vaulted streets that lead directly to the…

Exhibitions

International Exhibition of Tiles, Ceramics, sanitary facilities, Technology and Affiliated Industries of Isfahan

Ceramic, tile, faucet and sanitary facilities exhibition in Isfahan will be held at the International Exhibition Center of Isfahan. The purpose of this exhibition is to introduce the latest products…

International Exhibition of Metallurgy, Steel, Foundry, Machines and Affiliated Industries of Isfahan

International Exhibition of Metallurgy, Steel, Foundry, Machines and Affiliated Industries of Isfahan is an international event whose tenth session is held at the International Exhibition Center of Isfahan. The international…

Isfahan International Exhibition of Gold, Jewelry, Silver, Watch and Related Industries

International Exhibition of Precious Metals Industry Gold, Precious Stones, Watches, Machines and Related Equipment Introducing some of the manufacturing, exporting and service capabilities of the Precious Metals, Gold, Precious Stones…

Isfahan International Exhibition of Building and Construction Industry

The aim of 21st Isfahan International Exhibition of Building and Construction Industry is boosting the construction sector. In the previous period, the exhibition was held with 150 companies from 10…

Isfahan handmade carpet exhibition

Handmade Carpet Exhibition with over 9,000 square meters of exhibition space showcases the achievements of handmade carpet activists from Isfahan, Tehran, Qom, Khorasan Razavi, Golestan, Kordestan, Chaharmahal Bakhtiari &, Fars…

Isfahan International Textile Industry Exhibition

During the 12th duration of Isfahan Textile Industry Exhibition this year; participants from Isfahan, Tehran, Markazi, Yazd, East Azarbaijan, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Alborz, Qom and Fars provinces, showoff their latest…

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