In ancient Iran, there were many celebrations such as Nowruz and Yalda night, one of which is called Soori Wednesday. The Soori Wednesday ceremony will be held in the evening of the night before the last Wednesday of the solar year (Iran’s official year). Therefore, Syrian Wednesday is celebrated on Isfand 27(March 17). Soori Wednesday is a combination of “Wednesday” which is the fifth day of the week and “Soori” which has a lot of meaning for linguists and is mostly considered to mean celebration. This celebration is a prelude to the celebration of Nowruz, which is rooted in the ancient beliefs of the nomadic Aryans who migrated to Iran.
The history of Soori Wednesday goes back to many years ago. Some consider it to have its roots in before Islam. The ancient Iranians also considered light to be the manifestation of God. Since that time, the fire became known and to illuminate the dark nights, it has always been a symbol of warmth and light and a booming home stove. These days, fires have been set to warm the earth and eliminate cold and Withering.
Others consider it common after Islam. These people believe that the first Syrian Wednesday was held during the reign of Mansour bin Noah Samani and in the month of Shawwal in the year 350 AH in the Marlian of Bukharat, and it has continued since then.
meaning of Soori Wednesday
Contrary to history and background, opinions about the meanings and analyzes of this ancient custom are almost the same. This great celebration, which is known as the first celebration of the New Year, was called Soori Wednesday, because it is a symbol of farewell to the previous year and its sufferings and hardships, as well as the hope for the good and happiness of the new year. Some attribute the celebration to Siavash’s passage through the fire to prove his innocence. Later, this ritual of passing the fire became a celebration and jumping from the fire. In previous years and even now, Iranians jump over the fire and say, “My yellowness is from you, your redness is from me” and they get rid of the illness and jaundice. They turn away and they attract to themselves the redness and freshness of the fire and throw the yellow face on the ashes.
Verses of Soori Wednesday in different parts of Iran
For several hundred years, Soori Wednesday has been celebrated in every city with special rituals, each of which narrates an ancient belief. Soori Wednesday customs also include rituals other than lighting fires that may not be familiar to the younger generation. For example, in Tabriz, people go to the bazaar on Wednesdays, which is very beautiful with lights and candles.
Each family buys a mirror, March seeds and a jar for the New Year. In some other parts of the country, the day after Soori Wednesday, Home cleaning begins. In Shiraz, people cook noodle soup and take it to each other’s houses. Other rituals such as Throwing a scarf, Eavesdropping, pottery-breaking, and Creating a marriage situation are practiced in each of the towns of this region.
Unfortunately, in recent years, many young people have been using firecrackers to celebrate, which has led to accidents. Of course, with the Media advertising these dangerous Actions have been reduced. These days, the Soori Wednesday is held in such a way that outside the house, in front of the door, in a suitable space or, for example, private gardens, a fire is lit, and the people of the house, men and women and children jump from the fire. Or they just sit around it and talk and eat winter food.